The Orthodontic Treatment
Orthodontics, also known as orthodontia, is a specialized dentistry field which looks to better position teeth. The main goal is facial and dental aesthetic, it is typically used to treat malocclusion.
An assessment can be done starting at an early age (4 years old) since it is the stage in which different mouth problems could appear, making it easier to correct at an early stage. Also, unhealthy habits can appear such as nail biting, maxilar unbalance, breathing through the mouth and thumb sucking.
In the same way, orthodontics for adults can help prevent joint pains and premature teeth wearing.
It is fundamental that a trained professional, preferably an orthodontist, will assess your case, make an appropriate diagnosis, and determine the best course of care.
There are different types of procedures that, with the correct technique, can correct any particular case.
Additional to traditional methods (brackets, aligners and braces), there’s an option called clear aligners (Invisalign) which consists of a set of aligners that correct your occlusion but are made of plastic and other transparent materials for a more aesthetic approach.
How does an orthodontic treatment work?
After a full diagnosis from a trained professional, the patient is treated with aligners, brackets or other orthodontic techniques, handmade and specially thought for their needs.
The objective of an orthodontics treatment isn’t reached just by getting brackets or aligners, in multiple occasions the treatment suggests the use of plates designed by your specialist in order to eradicate a bad habit and to guide facial growth and a better overall appearance.
Why is it important?
Crowded, crooked and twisted teeth have a negative effect on physical appearance that could also harm the patient’s self-esteem. A poor dental positioning also implies that our patients have a greater risk of developing diseases such as dental cavities or gum diseases due to how hard it is to have a correct brushing technique and flossing.
When does a patient need Orthodontic Treatment?
When a patient presents poorly aligned teeth that alter chewing functions (thus having poor digestion) or an uneven distribution of biting force (causing early tooth decay, exposed enamel or fractured teeth).
Poorly aligned teeth can cause mandibular joint pains along with head and neck muscle pain. This results in tension that -in some cases- can cause severe damage due to muscle contractions.
75% of teenagers require orthodontics, being this the age in which facial growth is developed. Being able to use advanced corrective gadgets 80% of the treatment could be completed before the patient develops permanent teeth.
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